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Cynotilapia afra, is a freshwater fish of the cichlid family. The genus name roughly translates as dogtooth cichlid which describes the sharp, conical unicuspid teeth unique to this genus within the Lake Malawi flock. The species afra is endemic to Lake Malawi and is found in rocky habitats throughout the lake. It prefers a pH range of 7.5–8.5 and a temperature range of 23–27°C.
Like many mbuna, the afra is an aggressive and territorial fish that should be kept in a species-only or mixed mbuna tank. When mixing it is often better to avoid similar looking species. A common practice is to keep one male with several females, as afra are nonmonagamous harem breeders. Tanks of 150L or more should be considered. The tank arrangement should provide some open spaces but, have plenty of hiding spots and shelters.